The Stroop task, which examines an aspect of executive function/cognitive control, the ability to inhibit prepotent responses, has been relatively little examined in schizophrenia, and the findings have been inconsistent. Whether performance of this task is associated with failure of de-activation in the disorder is also uncertain. We examined 42 schizophrenic patients and 61 healthy controls during performance of an fMRI-adapted version of the Stroop task, the counting Stroop task. Task-related activations (incongruent > congruent condition) and de-activations (baseline > incongruent) were examined using whole-brain, voxel-based methods. In the healthy controls, task performance was found to be associated with activations in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, among other regions. De-activations were seen in the medial frontal cortex, the middle and posterior cingulate gyrus and cuneus, the parahippocampal gyrus and the hippocampus. The schizophrenic patients did not show reduced activation compared to the healthy controls. They did, however, show failure of de-activation in the medial frontal cortex. Our negative finding with respect to hypoactivation during performance of a task requiring inhibition of prepotent responses suggests that brain functional abnormality in schizophrenia may not affect all aspects of executive function/cognitive control. The finding of medial frontal cortex failure of de-activation adds to existing findings of default mode network dysfunction in the disorder.